Employment Fact Sheets

Justice Education Society
the Justice Education Society (JES) has been dedicated to improving access to the legal system through hands-on, targeted, two-way education between the public and those working in the justice system.

Employment Insurance(PDF)
Employment Insurance (EI) provides temporary financial assistance to unemployed Canadians who have lost their job through no fault of their own, while they look for work or upgrade their skills. Canadians who are sick, pregnant, or caring for a newborn or adopted child, as well as those who must care for a family member who is seriously ill may also be receive financial support through Employment Insurance.

Social Assistance(PDF)
In B.C., the Employment and Assistance Program (also called welfare) provides support and shelter assistance for those who are eligible. For most people the program is temporary, but for some it maybe a long-term need.

Disability Assistance(PDF)
Disability assistance is for people who – through disability – cannot work or have difficulty working full-time. The government helps these people through financial aid, training programs and education. If you have disabilities, you may qualify for persons with disabilities (PWD) benefits.

Problems at Work(PDF)
In British Columbia, WorkSafeBC and the Employment Standards Branch provide help if you’re experiencing problems at work.

Immigrant PLEI Consortium
The IPC Project has developed reader-friendly multilingual fact sheets on some of the most important Employment Standards issues facing new immigrants in BC.

 

5 Ways to Protect Yourself as a Worker (PDF)
Provides workers with basic information and tips on Employment Standards. Topics include: (1) put everything in writing, (2) rights and responsibilities, (3) pay day, (4) holidays and vacations, and (5) leaving your job. 

 

5 Ways to Protect Yourself as an Employer (PDF)
Provides employers with basic information and tips on Employment Standards. Topics include: (1) put everything in writing, (2) rights and responsibilities, (3) paying wages, (4) holidays, and (5) ending a worker's job.

 

What Happens if You Get Fired? (PDF)
Outlines when an employer has the right or responsibility to provide workers with notice and/or compensation for ending their employment.  Also explains the term "just cause," using examples.

 

Your Rights as a Foreign Worker (PDF)
Provides new immigrants with basic information on illegal fees, illegal firings, and general rights and responsibilities for workers and employers.

 

Domestic Workers and the Law (PDF)
Outlines the qualifications for being a domestic worker, what domestic workers are entitled to, what employers cannot refuse domestic workers, and other general rights and responsibilities of domestic workers and their employers.

 

Hours of Work and Overtime (PDF)
Provides basic information on minimum daily pay, meal breaks, daily and weekly overtime, the definition of a split shift, and how many hours in a row a worker must be free from work both over the course of a week and in between shifts.

 

What You Need to Know About Payroll Deductions (PDF)
Outlines what your employer must legally deduct from your pay, what they need your written permission to deduct, examples of when your employer cannot deduct any part of your wages, and what to do if your employer violates the Employment Standards Act.

 

Your Right to Paid Holidays (PDF)
Provides a list of statutory holidays, outlines the qualifications needed to get statutory holiday pay, and details workers' rights when working on a statutory holiday.



Employment Standards Branch

The Employment Standards Branch administers and enforces the Employment Standards Act and Regulation, which set minimum standards of wages and working conditions in most workplaces.  Below are a few of their most important fact sheets. For a full list of their fact sheets, click here.  They also produce a helpful Guide to the Employment Standards Act.

 

Complaint Resolution (PDF)
Explains how to file a complaint, time limits for complaints, the dispute resolution process, and how to use the ESB Self-Help Kit to define problems and identify solutions.

 

First Job / Entry-Level Wage Rate (PDF)
Outlines what minimum wage is for employees with no work experience, how long these individuals need to work at this reduced wage, and common questions on this topic from the perspectives of both employees and employers.

 

Annual Vacation (PDF)
Covers who is eligible for annual vacations, the rules on granting and scheduling vacations, and employee rights regarding vacation pay.

 

 

Termination of Employment (PDF)
Covers types of compensation, notice, group terminations, temporary layoffs, wrongful dismissal and termination under collective agreements.

 

 

Duration of Benefits (PDF)
Deals with benefits paid for temporary disability (wage loss benefits) or permanent disability (permanent disability award) prior to, and after the amendments to the Workers Compensation Act of 2002.

 

 

Service Canada Service Canada was created in 2005 to improve the delivery of government programs and services to Canadians by making access to them faster, easier, and more convenient. Service Canada offers single-window access to a wide range of Government of Canada programs and services for citizens through more than 600 points of service, call centres, and the Internet.  On the topic of employment, they offer two relevant multilingual fact sheets.

Social Insurance Number (PDF)
Explains what a Social Insurance Number (SIN) is, who qualifies for one, and how to obtain one (the documents and information a worker needs to apply).

Employment Insurance (PDF)
Explains what Employment Insurance (EI) is, who qualifies for it, and how to obtain it (the documents and information a worker needs to apply).

 

Employment Insurance Regular Benefits (HTML)
Discusses eligibility information, application information, financial information, contact information and related information, programs and services. Also includes application and report forms.

Employment Insurance Regular Benefits (PDF)
Full breakdown of Employment Insurance applications, eligibility criteria, duration of benefits, amounts paid, specific situations, mistakes and misrepresentations, rights and responsibilities, the appeal process, contacts and other useful information.

Employment Insurance Compassionate Care Benefits (HTML)
Discusses eligibility information, application information, financial information, contact information, related information and additional information for self-employed people. Also includes application and report forms.

Employment Insurance Compassionate Care Benefits (PDF)
Full breakdown of what compassionate care benefits are, who can apply, how to apply, amounts paid, contact information and other frequently asked questions.

Compassionate Care Leave (PDF)
Explains what compassionate care leave is, a worker's entitlement to leave, how to set up and start a leave, how to end a leave and how the worker's employment is considered continuous.

Employment Insurance Sickness Benefits (HTML)
Discusses eligibility information, application information, financial information, contact information, related information and additional information for self-employed people. Also includes application and report forms.

Employment Insurance Maternity and Parental Benefits (HTML)
Discusses eligibility information, application information, financial information, contact information, related information and additional information for self-employed people. Also includes application and report forms.

Maternity, Parental and Sickness Benefits FAQs (HTML)
Answers the most frequently asked questions regarding EI Maternity, Parental and Sickness benefits.

Rights and Responsibilities - Employment Insurance & You: A Shared Responsibility (PDF)
Discusses what to expect from government, what is expected of you and other important information regarding Employment Insurance such as the waiting period, reporting, absences from the country, etc.

Employment Insurance - Fraud is Serious (PDF)
Outlines obligations when applying to and collecting employment insurance and discusses the differences between errors and fraud, what penalties can be imposed on claimants, third parties and employers, as well as prosecutions and disclosures.

Employment Insurance Changes - The Extended Duration of EI Regular Benefits (HTML)
Answers questions regarding the extended duration of EI regular benefits after the Extended Employment Insurance Benefits Pilot (Pilot Project 10) ceased to exist as of February of 2009.

Employment Insurance Changes - Pilot Project to Increase the Allowable Earnings While Working on EI (HTML)
Explains what you should know about the pilot project to increase the allowable earnings while working on EI which extends to all regions until August 4th, 2012. Also discusses how to take advantage of the pilot project and how it affects workers and/or residents outside of Canada.

For additional Service Canada information on Employment, click here.

 

BC Coalition of People with Disabilities
For over 30 years, the BC Coalition of People with Disabilities (BCCPD) has been a provincial, cross-disability voice in British Columbia. Their mission is to raise awareness around issues that affect the lives of people who live with a disability. They also work to secure the necessary income supports for people with disabilities and increase their ability to participate and contribute in their communities. On the topic of employment, they offer two relevant fact sheets.

 

Employment and People with Disabilities
Explains what the Ministry of Housing and Social Development (MHSD) legislation says about employment and people with disabilities.

 

Education and Training Supplements for People with Disabilities
There are a number of employment, education, and training supplements available through the Ministry of Housing and Social Development. This fact sheet aims to help people with disabilities understand which ones they may be able to apply for.

Citizenship & Immigration Canada

The CIC strive to serve those from diverse cultures fairly, efficiently and with integrity. CIC applicants can expect impartial, unbiased and professional treatment, as well as clear and accountable decision making. The department screens and approves for admission: immigrants, foreign students, visitors and temporary workers who help Canada’s social and economic growth. It resettles, protects and provides a safe haven for refugees. It helps newcomers adapt to Canadian society and become Canadian citizens. It manages access to Canada to protect the security and health of Canadians and the integrity of Canadian laws. And it helps Canadians and newcomers to participate fully in the economic, political, social and cultural life of the country.

 

Canada Welcomes Newcomers: Opportunities to Work in Canada (HTML)
Discusses different employment opportunities for newcomers to Canada including skilled workers, the Provincial Nominee program, business immigration, and temporary foreign workers. Also discusses your rights as an employee in Canada.

 

Coming to Canada as a Business Immigrant (HTML)
Outlines requirements and selection criteria for Business Immigrants as investors, entrepreneurs, and self-employed persons.

Working Temporarily in Canada (HTML)
Outlines rights and responsibilities of Temporary Foreign Workers and Live-In Caregivers including getting your Social Insurance Number (SIN) and where to apply.

The Canadian Bar Association

The Canadian Bar Association is a professional, voluntary organization which was formed in 1896, and incorporated by a Special Act of Parliament on April 15, 1921. Today, the Association represents some 37,000 lawyers, judges, notaries, law teachers, and law students from across Canada. Approximately two-thirds of all practising lawyers in Canada belong to the CBA.

 

Termination Under the BC Employment Standards Act (HTML)
Describes your rights under the BC Employment Standards Act if your job ends, or terminates – whether you quit or you are fired or laid off.

 

If You're Fired: Wrongful Dismissal (HTML)
Provides answers to questions regarding wrongful dismissal such as: Can your employer fire you? Do you get severance pay? Were you entitled to advance notice of your dismissal? 

Applying for Employment Insurance Benefits (HTML)
Outlines Employment Insurance (EI) benefits, what they are, who they're for, and how to apply for them.

Law Students' Legal Advice Program

LSLAP is a non-profit society run by law students at the University of British Columbia. We provide free legal advice and representation to clients who would otherwise be unable to afford legal assistance. Clinics are located throughout the Lower Mainland.

 

LSLAP Manual: Employment Law (PDF)
Discusses Employment law from a lawyer/legal student's perspective and provides links to related legislation.

 

LSLAP Manual: Employment Insurance (PDF)
Discusses Employment Insurance from a lawyer/legal student's perspective and provides links to related legislation.

Community Legal Education Ontario

CLEO is a communtiy legal clinic, founded in 1974, that specializes in public legal education. CLEO is administered by a volunteer board of directors, and funded by Legal Aid Ontario and the Department of Justice Canada. Staff include lawyers, editors and support staff.

 

Employment Insurance (HTML)
A comprehensive booklet that provides information about employment insurances' main features, who can apply, which are the requirements and all the procedures involved.